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Features

Martial Arts are classified systems and traditions of warfare practices. These art forms are practiced for different reasons, like self-defence, competition, physical health and fitness, as well as spiritual development. Every person must learn one Martial Art form to be prepared for lurking dangers all around. It has become essential for people to safeguard themselves from any physical harm, whether inside or outside their homes.

H Sarita (name changed) was walking back home, she was being followed by a guy. This has been happening for two consecutive days. She just kept quiet. But on the third day, the guy brushed past her, she just sent him flying. A karate student, her one punch was enough to send him packing

H Srividya (name changed) loved sports, but was not clear on what sports to excel in. She had heard about so many martial arts, but chose Taekwondo, which is different and has done her parents and school proud by bagging prizes at events

H Anant, had heard a lot about Kalaripayattu, an ancient martial art. He began training in this as he felt that it originated from his own country and for him it resembled a war dance. An advantage in this is the Kalari massage

H Nalini, a senior citizen, began learning Tai Chi, as she felt her knees and neck were giving her immense pain. From the third month onwards, she could feel the change. This martial art is not only for self-defence, but it also helps in rebuilding one’s health

Martial Arts teaching methodology provides consistent and systematic approach for training children, women and men in balancing mind, body and spirit. It is always necessary to learn Martial Arts for fitness, self-defence and competition. One should be committed to learn martial arts that will help in character building, instilling confidence and increasing self-esteem, leading to success and positivity.

Chief instructor N Babu Rao, who teaches Tai Chi at YMCA, Secunderabad and Our Sacred Space, Secunderabad, says that Tai Chi (Tie-Chee), originally developed for self-defence, has evolved into a graceful form of exercise that’s now used for stress reduction and a variety of other health conditions. “Often described as meditation in motion, Tai Chi promotes serenity through gentle, flowing movements,” he says.

Babu Rao’s Guru, Indian Grand Master G Prakash Rao, says that Tai Chi is the moving meditation and supreme power.  Analysts say: “The Chinese characters for Tai Chi Chuan can be translated as the Supreme Ultimate Force, the notion seen as a dynamic duality (male/female, active/passive, dark/light, forceful/yielding, etc.) in all things. ‘Force’ (literally, ‘fist’) can be thought of here as the means or way of achieving this ‘supreme-ultimate discipline’.

The chief instructor says that the form of Tai Chi, in performance, it looks like a classical dance with graceful movements and alert actions. “It also offers a balanced drill to the muscles and joints of various body parts in the way of complicated actions which, in turn, are regulated by the timing of deep breathing and the movement of the diaphragm,” Babu Rao says.

He says that a tranquil state of mind and complete dedication to spiritual concentration on all the movements are required during the exercise. “This will ensure that the central nervous system, including its cardinal components is given sufficient training and is consequently toned up with time as the exercise continues. It is quite logical to say that the efficiency of the various organs of our body depends largely on the soundness of the nervous system. In other words, a strong central nervous system is the basic condition of a healthy body,” the Tai Chi exponent says.

Tai Chi, as it is practiced today, can perhaps be thought of as a moving form of yoga and meditation combined. There are a number of so called forms (sometimes so called ‘sets’) which consists of a sequence of movements. ‘Many of these movements are originally derived from the martial arts (and perhaps even more ancestrally than that, from the way they are performed in Tai Chi is slowly, softly and gracefully, with smooth and even transitions between them,” states Rao.

Benefits of Tai Chi

The benefits of Tai Chi movements include increased health, wellness, peace of mind, etc. Needless to say, all of these perceived health benefits can greatly enhance a person’s ability to increase his or her quality of life.

“The movement of the muscles exerts pressure on the veins, forcing the blood to flow towards the heart. During the deep breathing, the muscles of the diaphragm act to massage the liver and viscera bringing a marked improvement to the functioning of these organs.

To the viscera, arterial and respiratory systems, the Tai Chi Chuan will bring forth the same beneficial effects. Besides exercising the muscles and joints as aforesaid, it gives rise to harmonised and uniform breathing, especially in the movement of the diaphragm. Therefore, it can improve the circulation of the blood and lymphatic gland,” he says.

Babu Rao’s student, Nalini says that one of the characteristics of Tai Chi Chuan is that breathing is brought into harmony with the actions. “Since the breathing is so deep that the intake of air to the lungs is greater in quantity than usual, a greater amount of oxygen is available for consumption and thus, blood circulation is accelerated. What is more important is that the blood vessels catering for the nourishment of the heart and the viscera respectively are expanded. In this respect, Tai Chi serves effectively as a tool to prevent all kinds of diseases of the heart and viscera and inflexibility of the cardiac muscle.” She and her husband are both enrolled for the Tai Chi classes as it has made a marked improvement to their health.

Babu Rao explains that the form of Tai Chi, an artistic style of exercise, has a lot of other characteristics. “They are very helpful to those who practice it. For example, one of them is the tranquility of mind which can be achieved thorough out the movement. The moves are as fluid as the running water of streams and rivers, while the mind is so peaceful, and the actions so graceful that it is much the same tranquil state as that found in Taoism,” he says adding that the movements of Tai Chi keep the heart and the lungs in a proper and comfortable condition, giving the body and the mind a lot of benefit. Tai Chi not only improves one’s health but also changes one’s disposition. He says that Karate is the mother of all art forms.

Sijo G Prakash Rao, the Grandmaster, member of World Grandmasters Council. A Red Belt holder in Kung Fu and Tai Chi traditions, Prakash Rao learnt the art from both Buddhist and Taoist masters of Far East Asian Origins.  Established in 1975, the Shaolin Tao Chi Academy, a martial arts institute teaches Martial Arts and Fitness Programmes. “The knowledge and practice of Kung Fu, Tai Chi, Qi Gong and Buddhist, Taoist, Yogic applications promotes life style management initiatives as well as stress relief programmes,” he says.

Students at Shaolin Tai Chi Academy believe that the skill of diligent practice combined with resourceful tranquil mind does wonders in realisng one’s own potential to be fit for the challenges to survive in modern world of competitive existence. The Academy has trained many people across the South, as well as Sri Lanka, Maldives and Mauritius.

Ancient Art

Lakshman Gurukkal, founder and director of Kalari Gram, Auroville, says that Kalaripayattu is the ancient Indian Martial Art originated in Kerala. “It is all about inner peace and fluid animal movements. A traditional form of martial art that started in Kerala, Kalaripayattu is believed by the historians to be one of the oldest existing martial arts in the world,” Lakshman says.

Speaking about Kalaripayattu, Lakshman Gurukkal says that Kalaripayattu is the oldest form of oriental martial art. “It encapsulates Kerala’s unique cultural mytho-historical heritage. Kalaripayattu is derived from the combination of two words as ‘Kalari’ which means the training place and ‘Payattu’ means the training. Kalari is considered as the arena where traditional psycho-physiological disciplines practices of which cultivate mental, physical and spiritual benefits,” he says.

According to Lakshman the Kalari legacy is also considered as a scientific system of physical-culture training beneficial to the modern sportsman and physical culturist. “If the ‘lived body’ in its concreteness is the site of experience and source of knowledge for the practitioner, contemporary discourses and representations of the body and martial practice play a crucial role in shaping the fundamental assumptions of Kalaripayattu practitioner has about his body and the experience of practice,” Lakshman says.

Lakshman Gurukkal explains that Kalari Gram has been honoured with many national and international awards for its outstanding accomplishments in the field of Kalaripayattu and Ayurveda. “Many national and international universities have chosen Kalari Gram for their extension study programmes. Students from various countries such as Germany, Brazil, China, Japan, Italy, Finland, Portuguese, Switzerland, Austria etc. study Kalaripayattu in Kalari Gram,” he says.

Speaking about the effects of Kalari massage, the Kalaripayattu expert says that it helps in many ways like Positive health giving therapy, Corrective Musculo-skeletal applications, Treatments for specific injuries, Pathological conditions including bruises, joint dislocations, bone fractures, Emaciation of muscles and limbs and Post-operative orthopedic rehabilitation. He shares that Prime Minister Narendera Modi had undergone a 15-day Kalari massage treatment at Auroville.

The Kerala martial art exponent says that the practice of Kalaripayattu promotes stable autonomic nervous system equilibrium, Stablises pulse rate and blood pressure levels, Increases Galvanic Skin Response, Improve Cardiovascular efficiency, Increases respiratory efficiency, Normalises Gastrointestinal function, Endocrine function normalizes, Excretory functions improve and Musculoskeletal flexibility and joint range of motion increase.

He goes on to add that Kalaripayattu helps in many other ways like Breath-holding, Increasing grip strength, Eye-hand coordination, Energy level goes up, Normalizes weight, Sleep improves, Immunity increases among many other things. Lakshman firmly believes that Kalaripayattu training balances the activity of opposing muscle groups and it is a non-competitive, process-oriented training. “Kalaripayattu training offers limitless possibilities for growth in self-awareness and by its training, Somatic and kinesthetic awareness increases,” he says. A Kalari workshop by Guru Lakshman Gurukkal is coming up in April at Our Sacred Space, Secunderabad.

Martial Arts is taught mainly to prevent, deal and overcome all kinds of violence and attacks. Kalyan Dance and Martial Arts Academy trains students in self-defence, self-protection, fighting which involves striking techniques. “Martial arts training implies that a student upholds the philosophical principles of the art and practices its techniques in a fashion similar to the founder’s or in the style’s natural progression,” says director Kalyan.

Bandi Institute of Martial Arts (BIMA) is affiliated to World Karate & Kickboxing Council (W.K.C) and is a member of International Kickboxing Federation (IKF), World Karate Confederation (WKC), World Budo Development Society (WBDS) and J .R International Taekwondo Academy (affiliated to Kukkiwon). The school is devoted to the development of Kickboxing, Cardio Kickboxing, Taekwondo, Karate and Mixed Martial Arts (MMA).

BIMA President, B. Chandra Sekhar, says that Martial Arts teaches many skills like Self-Defence, Be Stronger, Lose Weight, Toning of body, Increasing Energy, Improving Stamina, Increasing Concentration, Stress Relief, Live Longer, Gain Flexibility, Gain Self-Control, Discipline and Leadership Skills.

Martial arts modern practitioners’ state that through martial arts training Students can do body building flexibility, strength, endurance and speed. Practitioners can improve mental discipline, increase physical fitness or gain self-defence skills. Taika Martial Arts Academy center in Hyderabad offers different body building and fitness classes for students like karate classes, kickboxing, mixed martial arts and self-defence for women. The Academy had won many gold medals at an international event held at Mumbai from 25 to 30 November 2015.

Taika Martial Arts Academy also teaches women, self-defence which is the central goal of karate classes. The Academy states that Fairer sex learn to use their whole body to defend and attack, while Beginners learn the basic forms of effective punches, kicks and blocks. “Advanced students learn complicated combinations and difficult manoeuvers, such as high kicks and grapples. Once if Women reach the higher levels of training in self-defence, they will have the ability to defend themselves in dangerous situations, including attacks by multiple people,” an official said.

Kickboxing is one of those physically demanding sports that can change life for the better. It is said that one can see great improvements in the overall quality of life with Kickboxing. “People of all ages and from every walk of life can benefit from this program. The techniques that students learn from this Academy have helped some to achieve regional, national, and even world champion status. They teach life lessons within a relevant, street-applicable art of self-defence,” he said.

Kung Fu is the most powerful, where students learn stretching, stances, kicks, jumps, movements, and empty hand, traditional weapons forms. Another Martial Art, one can learn is Ninja Kungfu, which apart from being a fitness regimen, is a self defence art. The Art and science of Taekwondo is a traditional Korean Martial Art and Olympic sports. Taekwondo is made from three Korean Words - ‘Tae’ means foot techniques, ‘Kwon’ means hand techniques and ‘Do’ means way of life. Taekwondo is a discipline that shows ways of enhancing spirit and life through training body and mind.

Kickboxing is a group of martial arts and stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from Martial arts like karate and Boxing. The success of kickboxing has allowed it to evolve into different types with different rules or goals to make it appeal to a larger audience of people.

Whatever Martial Art, one picks up to learn, it must be learnt truly as all Martial Arts help in having good health and protecting one-self from physical attacks.

 

Awarded the INTACH Heritage Award in 2002, Shri Rangantha Swamy Temple at Rangbagh witnesses dancers taking part in the temple rituals during the annual Brahmotsavams. Padma Bhushan Swapna Sundari was the first dancer to perform here.

The 365-year-old Shri Ranganatha Swamy temple situated at Rangbagh, 17 km from Hyderabad, near Indian School of Business Campus, is the only Temple in the country, which has aligned rituals of worship with dance, during the annual Brahmotsavams. This year, the Brahmotsavams will be celebrated from 14-21 February.

Present Chairman and managing trustee Shri Sharad B Pitti, son of late Shri Badrivishal Pitti, says that Shri Ranganatha Swamy Temple at Rangbagh, Nanakramguda is the first and only active temple of the present day which has aligned rituals of worship with dance. “It was in the year 1995, during the Brahmotsavams that my family decided to scale the celebrations at the temple. It so happened that I had gone to Kottakkal, for Ayurvedic treatment and there I saw Smt. Swapna Sundari perform at a temple during the Brahmotsavams. I met her and requested her to come to Hyderabad,” Pitti shares.

The Temple trustee says that Swapnaji came down in May 1995 and started performing at the Brahmotsavams at the Rangbagh Temple from1996. “In the beginning, we faced several hurdles in chanting of the mantras along with the dance. Then we were able to locate a priest who knew the mantras and took him to a studio and got them recorded and those tapes were forwarded to Swapnaji, who choreographed the dance pieces. Lot of coordination went into on how and when to perform the dances along with the rituals,” he says.

Piiti says that apart from introducing dance inside the Temple, from 1996, cultural programmes were also organised in the evenings in a specially decorated courtyard. The illumination of the Temple and celebrations were also taken up on a grand scale. From 1996 to 2000, Swapnaji and Kanupriya performed dances as part of the rituals inside the Temple, from 2001-2005 – it was the second league of dancers and from 2006 onwards dancers Anupama Kylash, Sanjay Joshi and others joined.

On the selection of dancers, for the rituals, Pitti says that they are chosen based on continuity and long term association. “It should not be that they perform for two years and leave,” he says. “Rangbagh Temple is the only temple in the country, which has aligned rituals of worship with dance. Dances should be revived in Temples. Private temples must take this initiative,” he says.

It was the first time in 1996, post independent India, that dance was restored to form an integral part of temple worship by a premier professional dancer other than the Devadasis. The Trust along with Swapna Sundari garu is conducting regular free classes in Vilasini Natyam where systematic coaching in the technique and repertoire of this style is imparted to selected students.

During Brahmotsavams, the dancers perform during Bala Bhogam, Bali Harana, Pallaki Seva and other certain temple rituals. Bala Bhogam – offering of the day’s first bhog to the deity, the dancer invokes the deity with a Choornika (Oratory hymn) followed by Nritta item called Pallavi. During Bali Harana – Morsels of cooked rice is offered with worshipful dances and music (chants), to the Dikpaalakas – guardian deities of the eight directions. It is said that the artists and priests go around the temple, invoking the eight Dikpaalkas along with Brahma, Garuda and Pashupathi seeking their protection of the temple and its surroundings.

Among the other sevas like Pallaki Seva, Kumbha Harathi and Heccharika – Procession of Utsava Murtis on a palanquin: The procession moves to the accompaniment of Mallari, a staccato musical composition played on the Naadaswaram. When the pallaki pauses and devotees offer prayers, the dancers sing and dance devotional hymns. As the pallaki re-enters the temple, the dancer nullifies any likely evil effects upon deities by performing the Kumbha Harathi. After this act of cleansing, a Heccharika is sung to further ward off inauspicious elements.

Devotees state that the temple vibrates with a special energy during the Brahmotsavam. The Abhishekam and Kalyanotsavam of Shri Ranganatha Swamy and Maha Lakshmi are one of the many highlights of the festival.

Rathostvam, which falls on the seventh day of the festivities, the gaily decorated 35’ high, five-storeyed antique wooden chariot, is drawn about half a kilometer by the devotees where a spectacular display of fireworks takes place. After this, the effigy of Ravana is set ablaze to symbolise the victory of virtue over vice. Every year thousands of devotees attend the Brahmotsavam and add to its grandeur.

Week-long cultural programmes are held every evening featuring upcoming and renowned artists during the Brahmotsavams.

On this occasion, we spoke Dr. Anupama Kylash, Sanjay Joshi, Girja Kishore and Pujita Krishna, who have taken part in the temple rituals.

Sanjay Joshi, Kathak dancer, on his association with the Temple festivities, says that it was mainly thanks to his guru Padmabhushan Swapna Sundari. “I travelled with her to all the villages in Andhra Pradesh and was fascinated with the art form from day one, I saw the demonstration of the old Devadasis,” Sanjay says.

Swapnaji trained Sanjay in performing the rituals, but being a male dancer, he had his apprehensions.

“We had an opportunity to perform dance rituals at one of the temples in Pushkar, Rajasthan. While I was training other girls for the performance, the Rangbagh temple trustee came to see the performance. At that time, I informed him that I was keen on performing the rituals at the temple. He replied, the decision had to be taken by Guruji,” Sanjay says.

“It was Sanjay Joshi, who introduced me to the temple and I first performed during the cultural evening in 2005. My performances inside the temple began a year later and I have been dancing every year since then,” recollects Anupama Kylash.

Dancers Girija Kishore and Pujita Krishna Jyoti began learning Vilasini Natyam under Swapna Sunadri and Anupama Kylash, who had already been trained under her, from 2003 and 2007 respectively. “After being trained in the fundamentals of Vilasini Natyam, I was taught few segments of the ritual dances of this form which is an integral part of it. One year, I got to perform Bali Harana, Bala Bhogam, Pallaki Seva, Kumbhaharathi, and Hecharika,” says Girija Kishore.

Pujita says that she got an opportunity to perform the rituals for the first time in 2008. “I have performed every year since 2008 till last year, except for in 2009 when I was away at University of California for my Master’s in Dance,” Pujita says. Sharing their memorable moments at the temple, Sanjay says: “The first ritual I danced for the God.” For Anupama, it was when she saw Swapna Sundari do an elaborate dance at Pashupathi sthana in front of the Dikpaalakas. For Girija, it was in 2008, when she was given an opportunity to perform in the ‘Kalyanotsavam’, which is celebrated at midnight muhurtam in the beautifully decorated kalyana mandapam, outside the temple premises.

“It gives me an immense pleasure to perform in the annual Brahmotsavam in the Rangbagh temple,” says Girija, adding: “As the Brahmotsavam occurs during winter season annually, the pleasant cold winter night, the mystifying moon, the chilling, wet mud floor, decorated with beautiful rangoli designs, the echoing wedding mantras, the music on the ‘sannayi’ and the ‘dholu’, creates magic in the atmosphere. Any dancer in that ambience would sense a vibrant energy seeping into them. The dance then becomes heavenly. I experience goose bumps even while recollecting that performance of mine. No performance, either in Kuchipudi or Vilasini Natyam, on stage, has left me with this kind of thrilling and mysterious memory.”

Pujita says that there is excitement of preparations and rehearsals, especially if one is presenting something new. “It is one time of the year that handful of Vilasini Natyam dancers set aside all their other personal and professional commitments for the week-long Brahmotsavam celebrations. Sometimes, we even spend the nights there, since the rituals especially on the day of Kalyanotsavam go on into the wee hours of the morning. Also, one looks forward to watching performances of artists from across the country, who come and perform on the stage erected outside the temple during the festival,” she says.

The only male Vilasini Natyam dancer agrees that dances should be performed at all the temples. Anupama too says that after painstakingly resurrecting dance as a ritual, an artist finds fulfillment. “Definitely, Music and dance are, expressly mentioned in our shastras, as an important feature of seva in temples,” says Pujita. Girija points out that the very purpose of dance was originally meant to please the Divine and to be a powerful means to bring the dancer as well the spectator, back to its final destiny, the experience of merging ‘jeevatma’ into ‘paramatma’. This sacred dance form should be performed more in the place where it originated. Even the Aagama Shastra states very clearly that dance is a part of the ritual of the temple.”

When quizzed about whether temple managements must have performing artistes on board, Anupama says that she would always come back to perform at the Rangbagh temple. She agrees with Sanjay that there should be well-qualified dancer who is trained in the ritual dances to check whether rituals performed are correct to the context of the rituals. Girija says that dance should be brought back to the temples, only by recruiting dancers, who are well-trained in the aspect of ritual dances, under the guidance of able gurus.

Pujita definitely wants musicians and dancers representation on Temple management as they have a direct connection to the art as it is practiced and its relevance in a place of worship, not necessarily as ritual, but even simply as an act of artistic offering or ‘seva’ in performances.

Just like puranas at temples in the evenings or special days, musicians and dancers too can perform at the local temples, to propagate our rich culture heritage. “Temples have always been centre of culture,” says Anupama, and cultural performances have begun in temples. “Of course, we should have performances at temples as it was always there and the temple management should allocate funds for such activities,” Sanjay says. Pujita says that during Dusshera time, many temples organise cultural programmes. “What is NOT happening is restoration of dance as ritual within the temple complex except at Rangbagh,” Pujita says. Girija adds that at temples, dancers danced to the stories based on Hindu mythology, epics and puranas, in the temple courtyard to entertain and educate pilgrims.

“They used to perform very popular dance operas like Parijatham, Golla vesha kadha, etc.  to propogate Hindu culture and tradition. But unfortunately this practice has vanished in the ravages of time. It would be significant if musicians and dancers were allowed to reinstate this culture back in the temples, which was considered to be one of the key torch bearers of Hindu culture,” Girija says.

Explaining the coining of the word Vilasini Natyam, dancers Anupama and Sanjay in unison say that Vilasini Natyam comprises of Alaya Sampradayam, Kacheri Atta and Aata Bhagavatam. “As Alaya Sampradayam deals with the ritualistic aspect Kacheri Aata, in royal courts and darbars and Aata Bhagavatam in temple court yards for the common man, the then Devadasis used to do all these aspects of dance. So, to come to a common terminology to name this art form a panel of scholars, dancers, artists, etc. was sent an option of names and the majority of the panel members chose the name Vilasini Natyam.” Anupama and Pujita state that the term Vilasini Natyam was coined by Dr. Arudra.

Courtesy Photos JASS4team/Hyd

 

Woman is the companion of man, gifted with equal mental capacity...

If by strength is meant moral power, then woman is immeasurably man’s superior... If non-violence is the law of our being, the future is with women...

Profound words and words that are applicable more than ever, now, said by the very learned Mahatma Gandhi. Women are proving their mettle and might in more and more diverse fields than ever before now. Hitherto unknown territories, well are no more unknown! In fact, women are charting their own path and in their own unique way.

The role of women in the country has been evolving and how! They are breaking away from past traditions and emerging stronger and more bold and entering into a new era of freedom and independence! While some have taken up the role of entrepreneurs yet some others have earned their leadership roles in various fields. Given a chance, they have excelled in every industry, be it banking, corporate, hotel industry, movies et al and have proved themselves, yet again, beyond doubt in every aspect of life. More and more women are joining the, until now male-dominated corporate sector and making wonders. Adeptly handling home and work, women now not only nurture their children but also run the whole organization efficiently.

Some of the most powerful Indian women of our country are the physical manifest of power, dedication towards work, will, grace and have shown extra ordinary brilliance in their respective fields.

With every ladder, these powerful Indian women take, be it business, sports, politics, arts, hospitality, entertainment, literature, name any, they keep raising the bar and breaking untouched barriers.

They are the powerful Indian women who have made India shine on a global platform. Mary Kom, Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal, Vandana Luthra, Ritu Kumar, Chanda Kochchar, Kalpana Chawla, Vanitha Narayanan (Managing Director, IBM India), Neelam Dhawan (Managing Director, HP India),  and Kirthiga Reddy (Director, Facebook India) are iconic figures of the industry that women want to emulate.  Even in the banking sector, women surpass men in their performance. How can I forget to mention Chanda Kochhar and Naina Lal Kidwai who are running India’s largest banks ICICI and HSBC respectively! Coming to the movies, Ekta Kapoor (Managing Director, Balaji Telefilms) has single-handedly rewritten history and helms one of the most successful production houses of the Hindi film industry. Women entrepreneurs too are increasing at a very fast pace in India. A recent global survey pointed out that among all early-stage entrepreneurs, around one-third or 32% are women.

It is Women’s Day this month on March 8th and many people and companies are doing something different to appreciate the women in their life. Here is a look at the concept, the thought and how men are slowly sharing workload, be it at home or work, recognizing women and the effort they are putting in, in all arenas.

Here’s to celebrating Women’s Day! Here’s to the women in your life!!!

Women’s Day

International Women’s Day is celebrated in many countries around the world. It is a day when women are recognized for their achievements without regard to divisions, whether national, ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic or political. International Women’s Day first emerged from the activities of labour movements at the turn of the twentieth century in North America and across Europe.

Since those early years, International Women’s Day has assumed a new global dimension for women in developed and developing countries alike. The growing international women’s movement, which has been strengthened by four global United Nations women’s conferences, has helped make the commemoration a rallying point to build support for women’s rights and participation in the political and economic arenas. International Women’s Day has been observed since in the early 1900’s, a time of great expansion and turbulence in the industrialized world that saw booming population growth and the rise of radical ideologies.

Annually on 8 March, thousands of events are held throughout the world to inspire women and celebrate achievements. A global web of rich and diverse local activity connects women from all around the world ranging from political rallies, business conferences, government activities and networking events through to local women’s craft markets, theatric performances, fashion parades and more.

Many global corporations have also started to more actively support IWD by running their own internal events and through supporting external ones. For example, on 8 March search engine and media giant Google some years even changes its logo on its global search pages. Year on year IWD is certainly increasing in status. The United States even designates the whole month of March as ‘Women’s History Month’.

In fact, the UN theme for International Women’s Day 2015 is “Empowering Women, Empowering Humanity: Picture it!” The International Woman’s Day theme for 2015 is ‘Make It Happen’ with a dedicated hashtag for social media.

Celebrate

One such initiative apart from many others happening in the city like exclusive sales for women, fests and initiatives and celebrations in offices, is the 
Womanathon.

Womanathon is an initiative to get the Men to celebrate the Women of their lives. Their mother, sister, friend, wife, daughter. It could be any relationship. But its the woman that completes you. It is a Run for her dedicating their efforts to saluting her presence. Womanathon is contributing to treat diseases in women & girls.

‘Womanathon 2015’ Marathon is held in three cities and also inspires thousands of veteran and first-time runners to run for a cause. On this occasion of Women’s Day lets run together to stop the violence towards women.

The categories are 3 Kms Run, 5 Kms Run, 10 Kms Run. It will be held at Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad.

By taking part in womanathon you are supporting the cause to end violence towards woman. And also you are contributing to treat diseases in women and girls.

There is a women behind every man’s success! Show her how much she means to you. Run for your women or along with her in this marathon.

Men Sharing Workload

Grousing about how little husbands do at home is a regular and tiresomely predictable social exchange. Even though time studies show men are doing more around the house and with the kids, women are still doing twice as much.

A host of surveys have found that arguing over housework is one of the main sources of conflict in relationships. Men, unlike women, tend to have a choice whether to be involved in domestic duties. But for women, home, no matter how filled with love, is just another workplace.

Over the past few decades, as more and more women have entered the paid workforce, a popular notion has arisen that women’s share of the workload has become increasingly unequal.

The concept of the “double shift”, where women spend their days in paid employment and then come home to look after the family, has become firmly embedded in our thinking. The natural conclusion is that men do not pull their weight and work as hard. Therefore they must be lazy.

It went on to explain that females spent two hours a day more than males on unpaid work, while males spent two hours a day more than females on paid work.Statistical snapshot stated that women did 62 minutes of food and drink preparation a day, compared to 29 minutes by men, and that women spent 61 minutes cleaning to men’s 15 minutes. A woman’s work is never done and women spend twice the amount of time on cooking, cleaning and laundry than men.

What really happens? As an example, the birth of the first child in a family leads to the work patterns of both the mother and the father changing dramatically. The time spent working by both genders increases as they add the care of the child to their workloads.

The time spent by women in paid employment drops, while the time she spends in unpaid work rises. But the pattern of male work also changes. The male takes on slightly more paid work, as well as considerably more unpaid work within the home.

Maybe it is time that we jettison one of our cherished myths and admit there is a fair sharing of the load - and that men and women make an equal, though different, contribution to the wealth and well-being of our society.

The hardest job in the world is being a mum. And if it were a salaried position, it’d be one of the best-paid too.

The value of a housewife has come into dispute recently, as a mother of two is arguing that she deserves a higher divorce payout because she says she gave up a lucrative career to look after the family.

But leaving aside questions of missed earning potential, housewives deserve a substantial salary in their own right.

Taking into account all the cooking, cleaning, nursing and childcare (plus a dash of counselling and work as a personal organiser), housewives deserve the highest annual salary.

Private chef, house cleaner (housewives do an average of 18 hours of cleaning a week), live-in nanny, driver, laundry and ironing, private nurse, therapist, personal assistant (in between cleaning the house and looking after kids, there’s a lot of organisational work that goes into running the home, plan a holiday, deal with the tax returns - all in five minutes’ work for a housewife), tutor (adorable children aren’t going to get to the top of the class by following the school syllabus. A housewife cajoles them into homework, devotes herself to hours of reading and arranges some educational field trips to the science museum), these are just some of the hats that women of today wear to handle home and work.

Of course, these are only vague estimates for the total worth of a housewife. There are many tiny tasks that make up the daily work of a stay-at-home mother, and it’s impossible to fully calculate a total monetary worth.

Trivia

That said, can you now imagine a world without WiFi, internet, social media and all other forms of wireless communication. You can’t even think about such a world, right? Did you know that one of the co-founders of this technology was a woman? It was Austrian born actress and inventor, Hedy Lamarr. She certainly had an illustrious and exciting life, dying at just over 85 years of age (in 2000). Lamarr was a woman who managed to stand out in whatever she did. As an actor, she will always be remembered as a woman who managed to push the boundaries of cinema through her ground-breaking roles. As an inventor, she will be noted for her work in developing a technique for frequency hopping, a patent, which she gave free of cost to the US Navy. And although her idea was not implemented until twenty years later, the work she has done remains imperative even today. She was the true epitome of the phrase “beauty with brains”.

Rule the World!

All work and no play is not for women! Women are now venturing out to holidays all on their own and enjoying a well-deserved holiday. All women holiday is also a new trend and Indian women are fast hopping on this bandwagon. The WOW Club (Women on Wanderlust) is one such club that introduces Indian women to globetrotting, without the hassle of managing the family on the holidays. Women are more willing to take time away from family for their holiday and me-time, and in turn spend time exploring new places to eat, shop and have fun. The newer trend is solo women travel which is slowing kicking off too in the Indian scenario. Undoubtedly the biggest trend is the fact that Indian women are traveling the world over and loving it! They are exploring new territories and discovering themselves. Totally independent and indulging themselves, and why not!

Women are now capable enough to overcome any hurdles. So make a difference, think globally and act locally!! Make every day International Women’s Day. Do your bit to ensure that the future for girls is bright, equal, safe and rewarding!

Cricket, cricket and more cricket! Cricket fever, frenzy, passion….whatever you may call it, seems to be gripping every sports lover out there! After the World Cup, it is the IPL and many others to follow. Cashing in on this frenzy and benefitting from it are both the retailers and customers!

Cricket frenzy is gripping the city like never before! It is not known as the ‘Game of the Gods’ by many for nothing. Cricket is so popular in the Indian subcontinent that it is more a religion than a sport. Nearly every other Indian eats, drinks and sleeps cricket. Cricket-crazy Indians accept heroes in the field as their role models and would not mind spending hours in front of the TV to relish a cricket match and taste some bat and ball based dishes on the wayside, wherever possible. Many controversies aside, the popularity of cricket has remained intact.

Although it is not the official national genetic mutation of the country, it begets such excitement than the official national sport hockey, that it is unbelievable. In fact, it definitely is not an understatement to say that no other sport in India can claim the position of cricket in respect to its popularity and reach, encompassing various aspects of life. Cricket is a religion that this nation understands; there may be many religions in this secular country called India, but it is said that cricket unites Indians better than any religion can ever do. Although hockey is the national game of India, it is cricket that enjoys supremacy in terms of fan following. Why, the heights of cricket passion have to be seen to be believed in. Some Indian cricket fans perform rituals in front of posters of Indian cricketers during a prayer ceremony in support of the Indian team.

And when it comes to wooing Indians, nothing works better than the deadly combination of cricket and actors. Which is why, even a simple friendly match played between actors in Celebrity Cricket League is as popular as the regular cricket matches! With everyone beset with cricket fever, riding on the passion of their cricket-crazy staff, even IT companies have come up with novel ways to foster bonhomie and team spirit with cricket-related initiatives.

George Bernard Shaw had once famously exclaimed, ‘Cricket is game played by 11 fools and watched by 11000 fools’. He should have been alive now to witness the frenzy that encapsulates the entire country when there is a cricket match and he might have even changed his statement. But the statement certainly rings true in the Indian subcontinent, where even an inconsequential match-up still brings life to a standstill for either three hours or a collective of 80 hours, depending on which format of cricket you are watching.

And even more so in India itself, where we manage to revere our cricket ‘heroes’ even when they’ve been thrashed by their opponents or pulverized by any other team. The game will never die out in this region, it is impossible. Life would be unfathomable for many! People would not know what to talk to their neighbors or friends about!Success in the sport and its global appeal correlates with the popularity and reach of a sport in a country. The success that Indian cricketers achieved in cricket in the last three decades has propelled cricket into almost every average Indian household. Everyone loved watching Indians like Kapil Dev, Gavaskar, Vishwanath, Tendulkar and many others standing up to world class cricketers of other countries.  As cricket’s popularity soared, more money was pumped into the sport leading to better infrastructure and production of even more and better world class players. That further increases chances of success which leads to a further rise in the craze for that sport.

Cricket is also the reason for making many people travel, who plan their holidays about cricket tournaments. As cricket mania gathers momentum most travel agents and tour operators in the country also seem to be making the best of the opportunity by designing packages around the tournament. The cricketing extravaganza also impacts the hotel and tourism businesses in India.

Cricket has become one of the most exciting games in the world today. The following of cricket, especially in the Indian sub-continent is immense, where the players are held up high in stature. It is the fastest growing religion in India, beyond caste or creed. Though millions pursue the sport, only a handful manage to emerge as path breakers, even fewer become idols and enjoy the status of cricketing gods in this country.

How often do we hear children or our parents being excited or enthusiastic to watch a hockey tournament or any other sports tournament besides cricket? The answer is very few. On the other hand, when it is a game of cricket, it is another story. Cricket has literally become every youngsters dream. No other sport gets as much coverage as cricket does.

Why, our cricket control board, is the richest cricket control board in the world. Cricketers also enjoy a better standard of living and get more publicity than a hockey or a tennis player. When India loses a cricket match then nearly the whole nation laments and news channels and newspapers have endless debates on the players’ performances and work put, what they think are, possible scenarios for the next match.

Cricket fans can never get enough of cricket. Every match will have a series of events; first is a pre-match prediction session, then a commentary session through the course of the match followed by analysis and ratings of players, then of course the post-match discussion and some even watch highlights of the match with the same amount of zeal.

And if you wondered if there can be more cricket madness, there are always treats like the IPL and some or the other cup in every season. And now to keep the fans frenzy alive and kicking, there are various apps on many platforms which are as close an experience to the actual on-ground match with all the teams.

The stage is set for big tussles once again, after the World Cup and for once, despite the scorching summer, Hyderabadis will pray that the rain stays away and head to the nearest cooling joint to enjoy watching the matches on big screens with their friends.

Millions of people will be glued to their idiot boxes cheering their favourite teams, with cricket being one of the platforms where in Indians come out of their cocoons and share a unique bond. The streets will remain deserted as fans stay glued to their TVs and smartphones to catch the action live.

With working professionals and other denizens parked in front of screens, the usually bustling city will literally put everything on hold as vehicular traffic goes off the roads. Though not a holiday, this cricket crazy city would gulp down every bit of the cricket fever and in turn skip work or in intervals peep into a nearby television set to soak in the clash of timber and leather. Others who do not have an option of a sick or a casual leave will resort to smart phones to keep track of the live scores and updates. Cricket means different things to different people; to youngsters using social networks, it means a lot of spam with cricket related apps on facebook, and endless feeds on match and score details on twitter; to TV showrooms in India, it means lots of visitors outside their shops; to a corporate manager, it means decrease in the productivity of his/her subordinates; to a corporate employee, it means a reason to leave early in the evening to catch up with a cricket match; to bloggers, it means lot more topics to blog about; to people in movie business, it means off season; to news channels, it means no need to worry about their breaking news ticker tapes; to fans, it means a reason to win the cup; to any Indian, it means a topic to initiate a conversation; to non-cricket lovers, it means an interruption to watching favorite TV serials and to many, it’s nostalgia. What does it mean to you?

Cricket is India’s most popular sport and you will find thousands who will rush into the streets to celebrate with impromptu firework displays and motorbike processions. Cricket has never been so cool, according to the latest search trends from Google too. Another summer of instant gratification through cricket is all there in the city. Fans are thronging the various restaurants and pubs in the city to revel and enjoy the game of cricket while enjoying their food and drinks. Add to it the innumerable glitzy LED screens in various outlets, big or small, that gives match information as well as sells brands too, it is a true case of the blurring of lines between cricket, commerce and entertainment.

Pubs and restaurants are gearing up to entertain fans like never before. There is a lot in store for all cricket fans; live screening on a giant screen, happy hours on drinks and to add to it, irresistible deals on cards! So, that is reason enough for fans to cheer for their team with their friends and enjoy cricket in king size. Great food, perfect ambiance and the right company is all one needs to enjoy a cricket match. City restaurants also have planned it big to cash in on the mega event with special screenings and food platters. Sports enthusiasts can see the action on three giant screens with the accompaniment as special cocktails and snacks on offer. True to the city’s legacy of food, several outlets have come up with edible models of bats, balls, bails, cricketers and the trophy fashioned from sweets and savouries. Sales of the Indian jersey and cricket T-shirts too has picked, visit any street side shops in the city and it has been literally painted blue with the local made jerseys hanging all over. Cricket fever is at it again, already sweeping the country of one billion fans of the game! Here’s a look at what the city is doing to woo in the cricket fans!

Novotel & HICC Complex had a World Cup Menu, wherein they introduced a special World Cup menu featuring drinks and snacks from all the competing nations. Now, Howzaat!? People could enjoy their favorite at The Bar and immerse themselves into the custom crafted special cocktails and snacks, to mark the occasion of the best sporting action of the continent.

They had on palate an exciting combination of dishes and drinks from across the cricketing nations of world including the Pink lady, Planters punch, Irish coffee, Colombo prawns, Peshawari Gosht Sheek, Dhaka kathi roll, Macchi Amritsari, Braai hot dogs, Lamb sambousak, Fish and chips and much more. So, while it was cricket on one side it was the world’s biggest sporting extravaganza at The Bar! Out Swinger at Ohri’s Hotel Baseraa, presented a ‘Eat, Drink, Live Cricket’ to enjoy the World Cup Cricket 2015 on a “King Size Live Screen” in a stadium like atmosphere with full of cricket, music & masti. With special menu packages customers could enjoy all the cricket matches and the full innings uninterrupted.

The trendiest-pub-in-town draws parallels with the most happening Indian sport cricket.  In the gentleman’s game, the pacers always spearheaded the attack.  Their skill in ‘moving-the-ball-in-the-air’ is the much sought after ‘swing’ delivery.  Moving away from the off-stump, the Out swinger tempts the batsmen to go for a high risk shot. Baseraa presented this ‘moving-in-the-air’ experience to all at the crease of the pitch with fancy concoctions, chic décor and throbbing music.

Cuba Libre will have a very extensive and well stocked central island bar which will offer a wide array of cocktails and mocktails for the guests to choose from. It will be a destination for all those who are looking for a memorable experience along with their family, friends or colleagues. With live screening of all matches and offers of food and drinks, many are bound to enjoy! The Grill and Tease at Vivanta by Taj, Begumpet will have the IPL promotions. Tease and The Grill have Free Hit, Super Six, Run - Chase & Power Play promotions planned for IPL.

“I will have to go work for sure but I will definitely not miss out on the cricket fun. It is something else to watch a match live at a pub while eating and having a drink with your friends. The fun that you have cannot be explained, it has to be experienced. And when I cannot watch them live when I am at office I will keep track through live apps on my cell phone,” said Rahul K., a young professional from Madhapur.

Pradeep M., an employee of a market research firm, is keen to watch the final matches notwithstanding the work pressure and decided to apply for leave ahead of time, so that he can enjoy it completely. “The first couple of matches of any cup or season are fine if you do not watch them. It is the semis and finals that matter. And that is when I will be on leave and sitting at a restaurant with friends and enjoying it to the maximum. After all, all work and no play is also no fun. So after working so hard for many months, it is good to take a break and enjoy myself. It will help me rejuvenate myself and get back to work.”

Eat, Drink, Live Cricket!!!

Art historian and connoisseur Jagdish Mittal looks down memory lane on life in Hyderabad, its disappearing identity and character. He also takes a look on the city art scene. Over the years, along with his wife, late Kamla Mittal, Jagdishji has built a treasure house of Indian art in the city of the Nawabs.

The living legend and art historian 90-year-old Jagdish Mittal along with his wife late Kamla Mittal for the first time came to Hyderabad in March 1951 from Bulandshahar district of Uttar Pradesh for their exhibition. The exhibition was organised by publisher Badri Vishal Pittie at the palace of Raja Pratap Gir, belonging to an aristocratic family of Hyderabad. “In those days, it was supposed to be one of the best houses built on a 20 acre land with all modern facilities and a swimming pool,” recalls Jagdish Mittalji. Unfortunately the government took it away and today it houses an ENT hospital.

The couple studied art at Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan. It was in January 1953 that the couple took a decision to shift from Bulandshahar to Hyderabad. They made Hyderabad their home in February 1953. Since then, they have seen the city grow. Initially, he began work as an art editor for a monthly magazine called, Kalpana, published by Pittie’s publishing house Chetana. It was only from 1960s that Mittalji began focusing on collecting art, reading and writing rather than painting. He admits that his wife’s aesthetic eye helped their collection grow.

Going down memory lane, Mittalji says: “Near the Nampally station, there used to be a Customs House and all society elites would visit that place. Even, I frequented.” He points out to the missing fountain near the Moazzam Jahi Market and Gulzar House.

Lifestyles

The lifestyle of people has changed over the years. “But, in some houses, especially the big important homes, the lifestyle is the same even today. For them, morning tea is at 11 AM, lunch at 4 PM and dinner at midnight,” says the legend. “In those days, there was no community feeling and there was brotherhood. Prior 1965, there used to be no caste differences or differences between the rich and the poor. There was total humanity,” Mittalji says.

“I remember at my first exhibition in 1951, art collector Hidayatullah had come and asked me what I was doing the next day. When replied, nothing. The following day, he brought 50 artistes in eight rickshaws and also Biryani and other foodstuff. The artists came, went through the exhibition, discussed shared views and ideas ate lunch and went. That kind of bonhomie is missing these days. These days, very few artistes visit exhibitions of other artistes,” the art historian says.

The art collector says that in 1962, there were only two autorickshaws and they were stationed near the post office at Moazzam Jahi Market. In comparison, today there are nearly 2 lakh autos running in the city. Speaking about mehmannawaji of those days, Mittalji says it is missing today. “I had been invited by somebody at Azampura near Nayapul. When I reached and wanted to pay the cycle rickshaw guy the fare, my host turned it down saying that I was his guest and I should not pay. These days, such gestures are missing,” he says.

In the early 60s, six Lambretta scooters had come to the city for sale and they were priced at Rs. 1700. “Masooma Begum insisted that along with her son, I too should own one Lambretta for easy travelling in the city. But, I turned it down,” he says. Even in those days, there used to be a fashion for big cars and the same exists today too.

“In early 60s, one could see open spaces, today the city has grown so much that there are no open spaces. The place that I am residing in now, Domalguda, looked like a suburb. After my house, it was a vast empty place and the Hussain Sagar,” he says. “Those days there used to be an Embassy cinema hall here, which showed only English movies. They had huge sofas and the sitting was very comfortable. The construction of Liberty cinema hall had just begun.”

Mittalji says that the topography of the city changed once Hyderabad was declared to be the State capital of Andhra Pradesh. He has seen the administration of Hyderabad in three eras. Once before, Andhra Pradesh was formed, secondly after formation of Andhra Pradesh and now after the birth of new state Telangana. When he settled down in Hyderabad, very few people had cars, mode of transport was cycle rickshaws or buses. Today, there is a jostle for space with thousands of two and four wheelers running bumper to bumper. With metro rail work on, soon the city will witness another mode of transport.

“The house rental too has gone up accordingly,” he says. “At one time, a house was available in Chikkadpally for four annas, from Rs. 7 it has now become Rs. 17,000,” he shares.

Mittalji says that in those days, there used to be only one upscale hotel in the city, the Taj Mahal on Abids Road. “There used to be one or two jewellery stores and two to four shoe shops. People had very simple leaving. They would wear chappals and go out. But in comparison, there are hundreds of jewellery stores and shoe shops in the Abids area alone, each competing with the other and even the citizens have taken fancy to fashionable footwear,” he observes.

“In those good old days, the city landscape was such that one could go out, have a cup of Iranian chai (tea) and return in half an hour, but today it is different and difficult,” says the historian.  “People had tension free life till the 60s. Today, there is lot of tension and moreover the use of time has also changed. Today’s citizens are running to complete their work.”

City Identity

“Heritage sites give an identity to the city. Proper protection of the heritage sites is lacking. Some of them are broken. Also the heritage sites are getting lost in the unplanned growth of the city,” laments Mittalji. “Go to a place like Germany, you will see how beautifully they have maintained their heritage, even in the present times, while marching with development. It is the Heritage Sites that give a character to the city,” the historian says.

He is upset that there is no planning in the city and the landscape of the city is missing. He says that in Singapore, if you see the city, it looks like a beautiful painting. “There is a sense of colour coordination. Here no proper effort is being made to beautify the city,” he rues.

Art Scene

Today’s art scene is a one man show. In an Art Exhibition today, there is the artist and a couple of his friends and relatives, who visit it. Art students and professors don’t visit the exhibitions. There is no exchange of ideas on the ongoing exhibitions. Even the students seem disinterested in learning from the exhibitions,” feels Mittalji.

In 1941, the Hyderabad Arts Society was started. The Lalit Kala Akademi state unit began functioning in 1962 and wound up after putting in 20 years. No further efforts to promote art have been made either by the state governments or corporate bodies. At one time, there used to be 15 art galleries in the city, today is has been reduced down to mainly two. As many of them are unable to market art and attract visitors.

Birth of Museum

In 1968, I had gone to Germany and visited a museum there. “I noticed that even small museums were well maintained. I began thinking of preserving our own art for posterity. On 30 March 1976, the Jagdish and Kamla Mittal Museum of Indian Art, was established with a trust to administer it. No family member is a trustee and has a right over any object,” he says.

The objects are housed in vaults at home as the museum has no permanent structure. “Each object is well catalogued and meticulously preserved,” he says. Many artists, research scholars, scientists, connoisseurs of art and tourists have visited the museum. Some of the notable visitors have been late Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (wife of former US president John F Kennedy) and Jonas Salk (who discovered the polio vaccine). Mittalji recalls that his first purchase was a second hand book in 1943 in Dehradun titled Indian paintings by Percy Brown written in 1917.

“The city must house a museum that talks about the development of art down the ages. There is a tradition of art from the 16th century here. There is so much history to Mughal and Deccani Art. Outside the state, there are exhibitions on Deccani art. Metropolitan museum has hosted Deccani Art,” he points out.

He suggests that it would be nice if the government starts work on this. “They can use the State Art Gallery at Kavuri Hills for this. They can take five artists for a period of 10 years each and acquire their artworks, exhibit and treasure it for future generations. It is sad that a place like Hyderabad, which has lot of scope, has not hosted any International Art Fair. Even a small place like Kochi, every two years hosts a biennale. They invite international artists and share experiences. For such fairs, it would be wonderful if the Govt. insures the art works,” Mittalji says.

“Scroll painting is a culture of Telangana, the government can promote it. I have written books on Scroll painting and Bidri ware, art schools and libraries must house a copy so that students and historians can benefit. There are more scholars from outside who have benefitted. I do my work,” he says.

With so many scholarly articles and books to his credit, Mittalji is writing another two books on Indian metal ware, one used in the kitchens and another for pujas. “All my collection of books have been gifted to Jagdish and Kamla Mittal Museum, which was established in 1976, for the benefit of art students. The construction of the museum is taking a long time as there is difficulty in acquiring land,” the connoisseur says.

The art collector says that people and corporates have come forward to construct the museum, but the question is of land now. “I have willed my house for the museum. This will benefit artists, scholars in their research work,” he says.

Mittalji believes that looking at Art helps in understanding. “It is like if you keep listening to music, you can differentiate between good and bad music. By looking at Art, you develop an eye for details. Good words can only support it but visually appreciating art is more important,” the historian says.

Ideal Day

“My ideal day is when I see a good work of art and a good student, who has keen interest to learn, and promote our heritage. Especially, one who values our Indian Art.”

I have made Hyderabad my home as it is a peaceful city and I can concentrate on my work 10 months in a year. If I stayed in a place like Delhi or Mumbai, I would have been engaged in other works. Moreover there are extreme weather conditions too to counter in a place like Delhi. I am happy here.

As I take leave, Mittalji says: “live not only for self, but for others too.”

 

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Chai.Coffee.Company - C3

Ivy Woods

Hyderabad Arts Festival

KPMA Business Publications

AP - Facts

Andhra Pradesh (India) is the largest producer of rice in the country. It also accounts for about 55% of the country's production of castor, and about 94% of Virginia tobacco

Polls

Do we need younger politicians in the State and at the Centre? Do younger politicians make better leaders?