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Home Discover Andhra

Vijayawada - Introduction

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Vijayawada is situated on the banks of the River Krishna surrounded by softer hills of 500 to 1000 ft. The 4014 ft. Prakasam Barrage created a lake and its three irrigation canals flowing through the city add beauty to the city. Formerly called Bezawada, there are a number of tourist spots having Religious, Archaeological and Historical importance around. The city welcomes the tourists with several star and budget hotels besides River View Guest House (Krishnaveni Motel) of Andhra Pradesh Tourism with boating and water sports facilities. The city is connected to all parts of the country with latest communication network. Most of the villages around have developed cottage industries in specialized items like toy making, cotton weaving, fabric printing, gold covering, fruit processing etc.

Location
Situated 280 km from Hyderabad between river Krishna and its tributary Budameru, the city is spread over the rich coastal delta of Andhra Pradesh.

The city has heavy industries like Thermal Power Station, Milk Products Factory, Jawahar Auto Nagar, Sugar Factory, Cement Manufacturing Units and the newly constructed Bus Station Complex is the biggest in Asia.


Rivers, Canals And Waterways
The chief rivers of the district are the Krishna, the Muniyeru (Muneru), the Tammileru and Budameru. Of these, the Krishna is among the greatest and sacred rivers of India. Its total length is about 1280 kms and the total area of its catchment basin is about 25278 sq. kms. It meets three tributaries, namely the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi during its course in Andhra Pradesh.

Flowing with a single inclination to the South, the river touches Vijayawada where it attains a width of 1188 metres. It flows to the East and then to the South with Krishna district on its left and Guntur on its right. Reaching the chain of Eastern Ghats and turning sharply to the Southeast and flowing for about 160km. It debauches into the Bay of Bengal at Hamsala Divi (Hamsaladevi) and Nachugunta in this district.

The river Muniyeru is the chief tributary of the river Krishna in this district. It flows from the North to the South across Jaggayyapeta and Nandigama taluks. The Tammileru, another minor tributary, is a hill stream. It flows along the Eastern boundary of Tiruvur and Nuzvid taluks and enters the West Godavari district separating it from the Krishna. River Budameru, another small river, is also a hill stream and flows through Vijayawada, Gannavaram, Gudivada and Kaikalur and finally falls into the kolleru lake. Besides these the district contains small hill streams viz., Jayanti, Kattaleru, Ippalavagu, Upputeru, Telleru, Ballaleru, Nidimiyeru, etc.


Agriculture and Irrigation
Endowed with a rich variety of soils, the district occupies an important place in agriculture. Agriculture is the most important occupation of the people of the district and paddy is the main food crop raised. The gross cropped area of the district both kharif and rabi is 18.20 lakh acres of which the gross irrigated area was 10.71 lakh acres. Paddy is the main crop with 9.91 lakh acres followed by Jowar with 0.60 lakh acres. tobacco with 0.36 lakh acres and chillies with 0.21 lakh acres.

The importance of the area under total pulses cannot be ignored as it was recorded as 3.73 lakh acres. Canal irrigation under Prakasam barrage is the main source of irrigation, benefiting an extent of 8.71 lakhs acres, followed by tank irrigation with 1.13 lakhs acres and by tube wells with 0.43 lakhs acres. Wells and other sources of irrigation also contribute in getting the area irrigated.


Industries
The Rayampadu Broad gauge Railway wagon workshop which was established at a cost of 17 crores repairs about 15 wagons per day. The RTC Regional workshop at Vidyadharapuram repairs old buses and gives them a new look. The Jawahar Autonagar at Patamata, the only one of its kind in the entire country, caters to service needs of automobile industry. The people of Krishna district contributed Rs.2 crores towards the share capital and with that seed money the A.P Heavy Engineering Machinery Industry was established at Kondapalle village in Mylavaram taluk. At present this unit is providing machinery required for paper, cement, textile and leather industries.

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